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初中英語常見易混淆知識點盤點

發布者:思學佳教育 時間:2018-02-27 10:05:22

初中輔導英語常見易混淆知識點盤點

1. on in at

on 具體到某一天或在on a cold winter morning有修飾限定

in一般加地點較多 或者季節、年份等 in spring, in 1990

at 具體的時間點 at six 年齡 at the age of 6

2. the other others another other

總數兩個 one…the other… I have two sons, one is a doctor, the other is a teacher.

others 后沒名詞了 help others= help other people

another 后跟名詞單數 另一個又一個再一個

other后加名詞復數 other students

3. sometimes 有時 sometime 某個時候 some time 一些時間 some times 幾次

4.neither 既不…也不 … either或者…或者… both 兩者都謂語動詞用復數

all 三者或以上都用于肯定句 none 三者或以上都不 用于否定句

each ,every后都用單數each強調每一個

every 強調整體Is everyone here?大家都到了嗎?

5. can/may be 可能是 can’t be 不可能是 must be 一定是 mustn’t 禁止 don’t have to , needn’t 不需要, 沒必要 另外注意could you …? 回答不用could,而用can. 或can’t. May I…? 提問,肯定不用yes,you may. 太正式了,一般用Of course. Go ahead. Yes, please. 否定回答一般用No, you can’t或語氣較為強硬的No, you mustn’t.

6. little 很少幾乎沒有,否定,不可數. We have little milk left. Shall we buy some?

few 很少幾乎沒有,否定,可數名詞 I’m new here. I have few friends. I’m lonely.

a little 有一點,不可數名詞,肯定句 a few 有一點,可數名詞 肯定句

7. as,by,of, with

as 經??急硎尽白鳛椤?The Great Wall is regarded as a symbol of China.

We recommend him as our monitor.

She gave me a basketball as a birthday present.

by 經??急硎痉绞椒椒ū热鏱y hand,by bus。He did a survey by asking us ten questions.

Of表所屬關系 a house of our own a photo of my family

with表示①和,go with me。② 用,write with a pen ③ 表伴隨 with a smile on her face

pay cost take spend

8. it one that those

it特指 There is only one copy left. Would you like to take it? It特指這僅剩的一份

one 泛指 I like your shirt. Where did you buy it? I’d like to buy one too.

that常用來指代前面提到的不可數名詞

The weather in Beijing is different from that in Shanghai.

The students here are different from those in their school.

9. since as because because of unless although

Since ??嫉谋硎劲佟凹热弧?表原因 ②自從…開始 現在完成時中(have/has done)

Because+句子 because of +短語

Unless 除非 可以改成if not 看看是否通順

You will get lost unless you take a map with you. 可以改成if not. You will get lost if you don’t take a map with you.

Although 盡管 不和but連用 (同理,because也不和so連用)

10. arrive at / in reach get to

Arrive in +大地點 比如北京 某個國家之類

Arrive at+小地點 比如學校,家,派對等

Reach可直接加賓語 reach school get to 必須有to

初中輔導

11. the number of 后謂語動詞用單數 表…的數量 a number of 相當于some后用復數

The number of teachers in our school is 99. A number of them have cars.

12. look after 照看照料 find out 找出查明(線索,真兇等) look for 尋找,尋找的動作過程 find 找的結果 找到或者沒找到 We are looking for the ball. But we can’t find it.

13. turn off 關掉(電視等)turn on 打開(電視等)turn down調低音量

14. put up 張貼懸掛 put on 穿上 put off 推遲 put away 收拾好放好take away 拿走 take off 飛機起飛/脫衣服

15. That’s all right 沒關系 相當于never mind , it doesn’t matter

all right 好吧 表示答應 my pleasure 跟在thank you 后

with pleasure 跟在can you help …? 后

not at all 不客氣不用謝和don’t mention it ,you’re welcome 都可以跟在thank you后

come on加油 good luck 對方說要去考試了祝好運 對方說考試通過了 congratulations祝賀你 對方說要去拜訪誰 please give my regards to …帶上我的祝福給….

16. on time 準時 in time 及時

17. so that 和such that 記住五把要是

so good/ so well

so little/ few/much/many

so beautiful a girl /such a beautiful girl

such beautiful girls

such pleasant weather

18. as…as…和…一樣 A is as big as B A和B一樣大

not so/as… as A is not as big as B A沒有B那么大

19. have been to 去過,往往后加次數 I have been to Hainan twice. have gone to 去了,強調人不在 Where is John? He has gone to England. have been in 待在某地多久后加一段時間 I have been in Beijing for three days.

20. be made of 看得出原材料 be made in 后加產地 be made from 看不出原材料


21.be famous for + 出名的東西比如園林,美食等 be famous as +身份,如作家,作曲家等

22. hand in 上交 hand out 分發 相當于give out

23. while 考到一般表示對比 I like fishing while my father likes playing tennis.

或者兩個進行時同時發生 I was watching TV while he was reading.

As 兩個都是短動作 As he sat down on the sofa, she came into the room.

As或者表示伴隨的情況As the sun rose,the fog dispersed. 隨著太陽的出現,霧氣被驅散了。

24. on one’s way 在去..的路上 in one’s way 擋道了 by the way 順便說一下

25. look forward to doing 期盼做 pay attention to doing 注意做

be used to doing 習慣于做 devote to doing 致力于做

be used to do sth 被用來做某事 knives are used to cut things. 這是被動語態了。

26. provide sth for sb provide sb with sth

Offer sb sth offer sth to sb

27. prevent /stop/stop/keep sb from doing 阻止某人做

28 die dying death dead

die 動詞 瞬間的動作 不能和一段時間連用

dying 形容詞 垂死的

dead 形容詞 沒有生命的 sb has been dead for two years sb is dead

death 名詞 the death of sb

29. hear from 收到來信 hear of 聽說

30. remember doing 記得做過某事

remember to do 記得要去做

forget doing 做了忘記做過

forget to do 忘記去做


31. 常江的修飾比較級的詞

Far/a little/even/much

Far more beautiful make it a little easier even better much bigger

32. go beyond sth Her achievements went beyond the film industry.

go beyond doing Her work goes beyond taking care of the patients.

33. Sth is not available 某個東西沒有了(斷貨了等)

---Do you have blue t-shirts?

--- Sorry, they are not available right now.

Sb is not available 某人沒空

--Can I speak to your boss?

--Sorry, he is not available right now. He’s having a meeting.

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